Human beings have been using honey since long time in various foods, beverages as a sweetener, in medicines and for flavoring. Honey is collected from wild bee colonies, or from domesticated beehives.The honeycomb is removed from the hive and the honey is extracted from honeycomb, either by crushing or by using a honey extractor. Before the invention of removable frames, bee colonies were often sacrificed while extracting honey in traditional method by tribal people. In this method honey was contaminated by bee eggs, pollen and other unwanted things of hive and also therefore low in quality. In 1946 “Khadi Gramodyog Sanstha Mumbai" invented new technique of collecting honey through honey box without hurting bees. In this technique we can use hive again and again so it saves bee’s time,energy for constructing hive. It can be used as supplementary business along with farming as cross pollination increases production by 20-40%.
People in tribal areas collect honey by traditional way. Sevavardhini along with ‘Gramodyog Sanstha’ has given training in advanced honey collection techniques (extraction in box). Main purpose of this training is to create awareness, give training and guidance to the tribals in collecting and processing the honey. Sevavardhini has trained around 200 people from Karjat, Kinavat and Sillod Talukas. For training in processing, packing and selling honey, ‘Oak Vanoushadhi Sanshodhan and Sanvardhan Santha, Karjat’ helped Sevavardhini. In this way Sevavardhini is guiding tribal people in right direction for collecting honey.
Marking Nut :
India has abundant bio-diversity in the world. Climate in our country is suitable for production of fruits and its cultivation. But some fruits are still ignored. One of them is ‘Marking Nut’. It can be used as natural medicine for different diseases. Its fruit, seed and oil is useful. Even though it is used widely in medical and industrial area, for processing, people are still using stone age techniques such as cracking marking nut with rock to get the seed. Due to which they suffer injuries on hand and face. After cracking marking nut, we get white color seed which is called 'Godambi'. Godambi has nutritional value equivalent to Almond, its the most precious part of Marking Nut. This business is mainly done to get Godambi from marking nut.
Getting Godambi from nut is very difficult work. While cracking nut, oil inside it may splash on body causing serious injuries. That is why nobody is willing to do this work even in villages. Only ignored and needy women take part in this work. Keeping this in mind ‘Savitribai Phule Mahila Ekatm Samaj Mandal, Aurangabad’ developed a machine which can be driven by hand without hurting the skin of workers. Five villages from Sillod Taluka were benefited by using this machine. UNDP (United Nations Development Programs) funded for this. Under this project, oil extraction through screw extrusion were arranged. People were also guided to make some snacks like Godambi Katali, Ladu, Chocolate, Salty Godambi and Sweet Godambi.
'Swami Vivekanand Bahuuddeshiy Samaj Prabodhan Sanstha, Sillod’ developed another machine driven by legs as next part of this project. Sevavardhini participated as a supplementary institute in proposal writing, report writing, inspection, training, technical development in this whole project. The project was financed under NABARD’s RIF (Rural Innovation Fund) scheme. Ten villages from Sillod Taluka were benefited in this venture.
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Biogas created using waste food is known and proven technology. Several kg of food gets wasted in big city like Pune. Sevavardhini provided biogas plants to Garavare College and Maharshi Karve Shikshan Santha using technique developed by Sivasadan Sastha, Sangli. Approximately 40 kgs and 150 kgs food produces biogas in these college respectively and is used in kitchens of these colleges for daily cooking.